THERMO-HYDRO-MECHANICAL ANALYSIS FOR THE SIMULATION OF RAPID SLIDING PROCESS IN A NEW AND FAST RING SHEAR PROTOTYPE — IJEGE
 
 
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THERMO-HYDRO-MECHANICAL ANALYSIS FOR THE SIMULATION OF RAPID SLIDING PROCESS IN A NEW AND FAST RING SHEAR PROTOTYPE



Abstract:
Vajont was a case of an extremely fast landslide and efforts to clarify the failure have been mainly concentrated in providing a consistent explanation taking into account this characteristic feature. Particularly in the case of Vajont landslide, attention has been essentially focused on the shearing properties of the sliding surface. An accepted explanation for the velocity reached is the thermo-hydraulic-mechanical coupling under saturated conditions, which induces thermal dilation and effective stress reduction due to pore pressure build-up. Nevertheless, lack of in situ and experimental information has become one of the main drawbacks when trying to explain these coupled processes. In situ information is difficult to obtain since temperature and pore pressure development during these fast processes are impossible of being measured. To overcome this limitation, a new fast sliding prototype -emulating a ring shear apparatus- has been recently developed at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (Spain). This prototype can reach relatively high speeds along the sliding surface (up to 30 km/h) under relatively high total vertical stresses (up to 3 MPa). Temperature and pore pressure changes can be locally measured with miniature transducers located close to the shear band. The design of this complex prototype requires the use of simulation-aided techniques, to help with the interpretation of the coupled processes, as well as to estimate the maximum temperature and pore pressure changes. A thermo-hydro-mechanical formulation, applied to the ring shear test, is proposed in the paper to study pore water pressure build up and dissipation in a sliding surface being heated by the frictional work induced by the motion. Particularly, the proposed model is applied to simulate the evolution of the shear strength along the sliding surface during a fast sliding process.

Authors:
Victor Serri - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - Department of Geotechnical Engineering and Geosciences - Campus Nord UPC, Building D2 c/ Jordi Girona 1-3 - 08034 Barcelona, Spain
Enrique Romero - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - Department of Geotechnical Engineering and Geosciences - Campus Nord UPC, Building D2 c/ Jordi Girona 1-3 - 08034 Barcelona, Spain
Antonio Lloret - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - Department of Geotechnical Engineering and Geosciences - Campus Nord UPC, Building D2 c/ Jordi Girona 1-3 - 08034 Barcelona, Spain
Josep Suriol - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - Department of Geotechnical Engineering and Geosciences - Campus Nord UPC, Building D2 c/ Jordi Girona 1-3 - 08034 Barcelona, Spain
Eduardo E. Alonso - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya - Department of Geotechnical Engineering and Geosciences - Campus Nord UPC, Building D2 c/ Jordi Girona 1-3 - 08034 Barcelona, Spain
Keywords
thermo-hydro-mechanical analysis, fast landslide, fast sliding ring shear apparatus
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